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Comparing SOAVE Technique in the Management of Early and Late Diagnosed Cases of Hirschsprung Disease: A Retrospective Single Center Experience - Abstract

Ubaidullah Khan, Murad Kitar, Imed Krichen, Kais Maazoun, Naglaa M Kamal, Rasha A, Mostafa YL Khalif



Background and objectives: Soave transanal procedure for Hirschsprung disease (HD) is most commonly performed at early age with good outcome. In our center we adopted this technique in many patients in different age groups without assisted laparoscopic abdominal approach. We herein aim to describe different technical aspects, outcome and success rate of Soave procedure among our patients.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our series of HD patients who underwent the Soave transanal approach, for postoperative stricture, anastomotic leak, enterocolitis, and subsequent bowel functions. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1: the early neonatal group (0-1 month) and group 2: the late presentation group ( 3-14years).

Results: Among the 17 patients with HD operated in our center, 13 underwent Soave transanal resection, 1 was lost from follow up, 2 had a levelling colostomy prior to referral and 1 had ileostomy. The average length of resection was 20±10.5 cm. The mean follow-up period was 12.2 months (range 5–22 months). Seven patients were 3-14 years old. At follow-up none had fecal incontinence or constipation requiring laxatives. All patients had voluntary bowel movements.

Conclusions: Our results support the fact that a single stage Soave approach without transabdominal dissection is an excellent technique for patients presenting with late HD with an excellent outcome. A multicenter prospective study with larger number of patient is essential to validate our results.

Keywords: Hirschsprung disease, Soave, transanal


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